Stroke and Diabetes Related Deaths Higher in India than Western Countries

Megha Goswami

 

Strokes And Diabetes Related Death Higher In India

 

Rate of cervical cancer deaths is six times higher among the people of India

 

Diabetes-related death rate is triple in India

 

Cancer, Heart disease and Strokes are deadlier in the developing world

 

LONDON:

 

In comparison to Western countries; deaths from stroke are four times higher and from heart-related diseases nearly three-fold more in India; according to a new analysis by UK-based researchers.

 

The data also revealed that the rate of cervical cancer deaths is six times higher among the people of India than people in western nations.

 

Also diabetes-related death rate is triple in India when compared to diabetes related death in Western nations.

 

Data suggests that cancer, heart disease and strokes are deadlier in the developing world than in 1st world nations; according to the study, published in the journal Nature’ this week.

 

Fundamental change is required in health service planning in India for greater prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of chronic diseases like cancers, heart and kidney disease, and diabetes which now are the most important cause of morbidity, death and economic loss in India; according to Professor Majid Ezzati, lead author of the analysis from the School of Public Health at Imperial College London.

 

The research showed that deaths due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are higher in low and middle income tropical countries than in Western nations. The study was conducted by Prof Ezzati and Dr James Bennett.

 

NCDs are those health conditions that cannot be spread from one person to another. NCDs include cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, kidney and liver ailments, mental health disorders and neurological conditions such as dementia.

 

The general misconception of health conditions in poorer countries is one of infections and parasites. Conditions such as cancer and heart disease are associated with wealthy nations.

 

However, this is not entirely true, as lower income countries suffer more from chronic conditions than richer countries; according to Prof Ezzati.

 

Compared to wealthier nations where there were 11 deaths per 100,000 people; diabetes death rates are also higher in poorer countries. Statistics point out to at least 32 deaths per 100,000 people, in low and middle income tropical countries.

 

International mortality data in Western countries were compared by the research team; with data from low and middle-income tropical countries which constitutes around 80 nations from Africa, Southeast Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean.

 

Death rates were adjusted for age differences across the various countries.

 

Studies show that out of 3 million deaths in these tropical regions in 2016, 34 per cent were from infections and parasitic diseases, conditions surrounding pregnancy and birth, and nutritional deficiencies, while 55 per cent were from NCDs.

 

The persistently large burden of cancer and heart disease deaths in developing nations is due to multiple factors such as cigarette and alcohol use; which are on the rise in low and middle-income countries.

 

According to Prof Ezzati; this is ultimately a story of poverty, poor housing and nutrition, and inadequate healthcare that mean diseases such as heart disease and cancer are diagnosed late, and then the treatments offered are inadequate.

 

The team outline 25 evidence-based recommendations for reducing non-communicable diseases in low and middle income countries, including measures to reduce alcohol and tobacco consumption, better housing, and more resources for detecting disease at an early stage and treating it.

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